Home & Mortgage, Loans, Mortgage, Student Loans

COVID-19 Financial Relief and Protections Extended

By: CFPB

Are you struggling during the pandemic? The federal government is extending relief and protections for many student loan borrowers, renters, and homeowners who are having trouble making payments during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Keep reading to learn more about these important updates that may help you. But, remember the COVID-19 pandemic and relief efforts continue to change and develop. Check our COVID-19 webpage for more information.

Payments suspended for federally-owned student loans

Principal and interest payments on federally-held student loans are automatically suspended through September 30, 2021.

If you have federally owned student loans, you don’t need to contact your student loan servicer or take any action. However, make sure your servicer has your up-to-date contact information and continue to check your mail or email for updates or information about your loans.

Suspended payments through September 30, 2021, will count towards any student loan forgiveness programs, as long as all other requirements are met.

Learn more about protections for student loan borrowers.

Protection from evictions for renters

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has announced an extension to their current order that halts certain residential evictions. The extension stops evictions until at least March 31, 2021.

If you already get rental help from HUD, and your income has changed, ask for income recertification.

Learn about help for renters and what you can do.

Mortgage relief protections and options

There are two primary federal protections: forbearance and a foreclosure moratorium.

Forbearance

If you have a mortgage-backed by VA, USDA, FHA, Fannie Mae, or Freddie Mac, you have the right to request an initial forbearance of up to 180 days on your mortgage and a forbearance extension for up to 180 days if you have a COVID-related financial hardship.

  • For mortgages backed by the FHA, USDA or, VA, the deadline to request an initial forbearance is June 30, 2021.
  • Mortgages backed by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac do not currently have a deadline for requesting an initial forbearance.

If you are already in forbearance and need more time:

  • If your mortgage is backed by Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac: You may request one additional three-month extension, up to a maximum of 15 months of total forbearance. But to qualify, you must be in a COVID forbearance plan as of February 28, 2021, so don’t delay contacting your servicer if you’re having trouble paying your mortgage and are not in a forbearance plan.
  • If your mortgage is backed by FHA, USDA, or VA, you may request two additional three-month extensions, up to a maximum of 18 months of total forbearance. But to qualify, you must have received your initial forbearance on or before June 30, 2020. Check with your servicer about the options available.

Foreclosure

  • If your mortgage is backed by Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac, your lender or loan servicer cannot foreclose on your home until after March 31, 2021.
  • If your mortgage is backed by FHA, USDA, or VA, your lender or loan servicer cannot foreclose on your home until after June 30, 2021.

Learn about mortgage relief and options you may have.

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Home, Home & Mortgage, House, Loans, Mortgage

Mortgage Loan Types – Home Buying

Home Buyers and First Loans

Buying your first home? You may be thinking the hardest decision you have to make is picking a house.  However, the hardest decision you will be making in this process is what mortgage loan to sign for.  The main types of loans are: fixed rate, adjustable rate, interest only and reverse.

Federal Housing Administration (FHA) Loans

For first time home buyers, Federal Housing Administration (FHA) Loans may be the best option.  This program offers competitive interest rates, allows smaller down payments and has easier qualifications.  The typical down payment required with this program is 3.5 percent of the purchase price of the home.  FHA mortgage loans also require insurance, but they do offer a refund on it.

Fixed Rate Mortgage

A fixed rate mortgage is also referred to as PITI, Principal Interest Tax Insurance.  With this mortgage everything is included: principal, tax, interest and insurance.  For example, if you have a fixed mortgage, you don’t have to worry about forking over extra cash during tax season because you already paid this tax along with your mortgage. Usually a fixed mortgage is for 30 years, but you can also get a 15 year mortgage, depending on your finances.  If you do qualify for a 15-year mortgage you can expect a lower interest rate, but higher monthly payments.

Adjustable Mortgage

An adjustable mortgage has lower payments at the beginning of the loan.  You can get this mortgage for 15 or 30 years.  During this time, payments can be adjusted upward; as the market changes so do your payments.  This type of loan comes with more risk because your payments change regardless of whether your income increases.

Interest Only Loan

An interest only loan usually takes 5 or 10 years to pay off, during this time your entire payment is going to pay off the interest.  It’s a waste because although you are making monthly payments, you are not paying off your home.  The only positive aspect about this loan is that it allows customers who expect to increase their income in the future to take out a bigger loan than they can currently afford.  This type of loan comes with a high risk.

Reverse Mortgage

Reverse mortgage is especially made for those over the age of 62 and it was created through the government program HUD.  These citizens get a portion of their equity and receive a payment every month.  To become a part of this program there is no income or credit requirement.  However, the cost to enroll in this program can be more than $8,000.  Also, once the borrower dies, the bank settles the debt with the heirs.

A Debt Free American Dream

Achieving the American Dream without getting further into debt is possible.  Regardless of which mortgage you sign for make sure you know the details.  The key to avoiding traps is knowledge.  Be realistic and buy a house within your means.

Do you want to know more about debt and how you can make smart financial decisions now that will help you secure a more prosperous financial future? Sign up for our newsletter for monthly money tips.

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