Investing 101

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You and Your Investments

Maybe you have asked yourself, “How do I start investing?”  It’s very simple, but before you start, make sure you have your house, budget, and savings in order.  There are many things you can invest in: stocks, bonds, mutual funds and real estate, to name a few.

Bonds

One type of investment can be in the form of a bond.  Many refer to it as a “Fancy IOU.”  This is when you lend out your money and in return you gain interest on it.  However, the return may be very small.  Bonds have predetermined intervals of when they pay interest which usually occurs semi-annually.  The maturity date on a bond refers to the end date of the agreement between the lender and the buyer.  Also, it is important that you know that interest rates and bond prices have an inverse relationship.  As interest rates fall, the price of the bond increases and vice versa.

Stocks

Stocks are another type of investment and the way people make a profit is when they increase in value.   When you own stocks in a company like Coca Cola, it means you own part of the company.  The concern with stocks is that the value fluctuates on a daily basis.  Stocks can have a high return, but the loss can also be very high.  To safely invest in stocks, invest in a company that will be around for a long time, for example, Pepsi Co, Apple, etc.

Mutual Bonds

Mutual bonds provide more of a safety net than regular bonds and stocks because you are not putting all your eggs in one basket.  Putting together money from many investors and purchasing stocks, bonds, etc., form a mutual bond and another person manages them.  Having the money professionally managed is a positive for many because it adds a level of security.

Researching Investments

With investing there are no guarantees but with the proper research you will be investing your money in a safer outlet with a higher chance of gaining profit. Regardless of what you choose to invest in, check the track record and know what you are getting into.

If you are still doubtful about investing, think of the money you set aside for savings that is not accumulating any interest, meaning you aren’t making any extra money. In fact, you are losing money at the current inflation rate if you do not invest at a higher interest rate, so use this as motivation to start growing your money!

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